Filter Duplicate Posts in the Loop

As seen on the great WP Engineer website:

As the question arises quite often I’d like to show how I make sure that the content presented, which were output in a loop, not showed up again in a second loop.

WordPress identifies posts and pages via ID, which are created in the database and who also play in the output of the loop a crucial role. All assignments or links based on the ID. Therefore, I save in the first loop (Loop No.1 ) the IDs, which will be output, in an array. This variable was determined in advance as an array$do_not_duplicate = array();.

Loop no.1

<pre lang="php"><?php
$do_not_duplicate = array(); // set befor loop variable as array

// 1. Loop
while ( have_posts() ) : the_post();
    $do_not_duplicate[] = $post->ID; // remember ID's in loop
    // display post ...

After we output the above loop with 5 articles, we have in the array 5 IDs, which we can use now . You can view the array with the PHP-function var_dump().

In the next loop no. 2 there should be 15 articles displayed, except the articles with the ID’s already appearing in loop no. 1. I check with this function in_array(),
if the current ID $post->ID is already existing in the array$do_not_duplicate. Only if the ID is not existing ( !in_array() ) in the array, then it will be displayed in loop no. 2.

Loop no.2

<pre lang="php"><?php
// 2. Loop
query_posts( 'cat=4,5,6&showposts=15' );
while (have_posts()) : the_post();
    if ( !in_array( $post->ID, $do_not_duplicate ) ) { // check IDs         
// display posts ...

A Better Option?

But there is also an alternative, WordPress has a parameter in the query available –post__not_in, see Codex.
Also in this parameter, I use an array and in this query are the IDs not included. Depending on which way you go, are thus provides two different syntax, to avoid duplicate content.

<pre lang="php"><?php
// another loop without duplicates
query_posts( array(
    'cat' => 456,
    'post__not_in' => $do_not_duplicate
while ( have_posts() ) : the_post();
    // display posts...


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